Statistics: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - The book also explores deep philosophical issues of induction--how we use statistics to discern the true nature of reality from the limited observations we necessarily must make. About the series: combining authority with wit, and style, accessibility, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics.

Statistical ideas and methods underlie just about every aspect of modern life. But the discipline underlying all these is not the dull statistics of the popular imagination. Written by experts for the newcomer, from philosophy to Freud, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, quantum theory to Islam.

Statistics: A Very Short Introduction - Long gone are the days of manual arithmetic manipulation. Oxford university Press USA. Nowadays statistics is a dynamic discipline, seeking structures, patterns, revolutionized by the computer, which uses advanced software tools to probe numerical data, and relationships. This very short introduction sets the study of statistics in context, summarizes methods of gathering and evaluating data, of probability, describing its history and giving examples of its impact, and explains the role played by the science of chance, in statistical methods.

. From randomized clinical trials in medical research, to the statistical tools used to probe vast astronomical databases, to statistical models of risk in banking and hedge fund industries, the field of statistics has become centrally important to how we understand our world.





Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - In this very short introduction, from galileo and pascal to bayes, Poisson, Laplace, John Haigh introduces the ideas of probability--and the different philosophical approaches to probability--and gives a brief account of the history of development of probability theory, and Markov. Making good decisions under conditions of uncertainty requires a sound appreciation of the way random chance works.

He describes the basic probability distributions and discusses a wide range of applications in science, economics, and a variety of other contexts such as games and betting. Oxford university Press USA. He concludes with an intriguing discussion of coincidences and some curious paradoxes. It requires, in short, an understanding of probability.





Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - Written by experts for the newcomer, from philosophy to Freud, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, quantum theory to Islam. These are followed by discussions of more specific topics, and the book closes with a chapter answering common sociological questions about the mathematical community such as "Is it true that mathematicians burn out at the age of 25?" It is the ideal introduction for anyone who wishes to deepen their understanding of mathematics.

About the series: combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. The first few chapters are about general aspects of mathematical thought. The most fundamental differences are philosophical, and readers of this book will emerge with a clearer understanding of paradoxical-sounding concepts such as infinity, curved space, and imaginary numbers.

Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction - The aim of this book is to explain, research-level mathematics, the differences between advanced, carefully but not technically, and the sort of mathematics we learn at school. Oxford university Press USA. Oxford University Press.





Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - In this very short introduction, baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany draw on both the sciences and humanities to illuminate both the similarities and differences of various kinds of risk. Oxford university Press USA. Oxford university Press, USA. They arise from our own acts and they are imposed on us. We find risk everywhere--from genetically modified crops, medical malpractice, identity theft, online predators, and stem-cell therapy to heartbreak, inflation, and robbery.

Perhaps more important, they show what science has learned about how people deal with risks, applying these lessons to diverse everyday examples, demonstrating how we can move from understanding a risk to making a choice to diminish risk in everyday life. Using conceptual frameworks such as decision theory and behavioral decision research, scientific theories, they examine the science and practice of creating measures of risk and look at how scientists apply probability by combining historical records, and expert judgment.

Risk: A Very Short Introduction - Oxford University Press.





Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given topic. With mini-biographies of many fascinating, founders of the subject--including John Nash, subject of the movie A Beautiful Mind--this book offers a concise overview of a cutting-edge field that has seen spectacular successes in evolutionary biology and economics, and occasionally eccentric, and is beginning to revolutionize other disciplines from psychology to political science.

About the series: oxford's very short introductions offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, and Literary Theory to History. This very short introduction offers a succinct tour of the fascinating world of game theory, a ground-breaking field that analyzes how to play games in a rational way.

Oxford university Press, USA. Ken binmore, to successful card-playing strategies, to ethical decision-making, revealing how game theory can shed light on everything from social gatherings, explains the theory in a way that is both entertaining and non-mathematical yet also deeply insightful, a renowned game theorist, to calculating the sex ratio among bees.

Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction - Whatever the area of study, whatever the topic that fascinates the reader, the series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable. Bargain hunters bidding on eBay are playing an auctioning game. Every very short introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how it has developed and influenced society.

Games are everywhere: Drivers maneuvering in heavy traffic are playing a driving game.





Logic: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

Oxford University Press - He explores the philosophical roots of the subject, explaining how modern formal logic deals with issues ranging from the existence of God and the reality of time to paradoxes of probability and decision theory. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. In this lively and accessible introduction, Graham Priest shows how wrong this conception is.

Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, new ideas, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. Oxford university Press USA. In this new edition graham Priest expands his discussion to cover the subjects of algorithms and axioms, and proofs in mathematics. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Logic: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions - Oxford university Press, USA. Along the way, the basics of formal logic are explained in simple, non-technical terms, showing that logic is a powerful and exciting part of modern philosophy. Logic is often perceived as having little to do with the rest of philosophy, and even less to do with real life. Oxford university Press, USA.

Oxford University Press.





Measurement: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

Oxford University Press - These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. The history of measurement goes back to the ancient world, and its story has been one of gradual standardization. Following a brief historical account of measurement, the life sciences and medicine, he discusses measurement as used in the physical sciences and engineering, business, economics, the social and behavioural sciences, and public policy.

About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford university Press, USA. Measurement is a fundamental concept that underpins almost every aspect of the modern world. Oxford university Press USA.

Measurement: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions - Oxford University Press. Today there are different types of measurement, levels of accuracy, and systems of units, applied in different contexts. It is central to the sciences, medicine, and economics, social sciences, but it affects everyday life. Oxford university Press, USA. We measure everything - from the distance of far-off galaxies to the temperature of the air, levels of risk, blood pressure, IQ, political majorities, taxes, and weight.





Networks: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

Oxford University Press - In this very short introduction, technology, guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro discuss the nature and variety of networks, nature, using everyday examples from society, and history to illuminate the science of network theory. Oxford university Press, USA. In fact, some of the most important and familiar natural systems and social phenomena are based on a networked structure.

Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford University Press. It is impossible to understand the spread of an epidemic, large-scale blackouts, a computer virus, or massive extinctions without taking into account the network structure that underlies all these phenomena. They conclude by highlighting how the findings of complex network theory have very wide and important applications in genetics, economics, communications, ecology, and sociology.

Networks: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions - Oxford university Press, USA. Networks are involved in many aspects of everyday life, from food webs in ecology and the spread of pandemics to social networking and public transportation. The authors describe the ubiquitous role of networks, reveal how networks self-organize, explain why the rich get richer, and discuss how networks can spontaneously collapse.

Oxford university Press USA. Oxford University Press.





Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

Oxford University Press - Explaining the nature of applied mathematics, Alain Goriely discusses its early achievements in physics and engineering, and its development as a separate field after World War II. Oxford university Press USA. While pure mathematics is mostly interested in abstract structures, applied mathematics sits at the interface between this abstract world and the world in which we live.

These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, new ideas, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. Oxford university Press, USA. This area of mathematics takes its nourishment from society and science and, in turn, provides a unified way to understand problems arising in diverse fields.

Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions - Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford university Press, USA. Mathematics is playing an increasingly important role in society and the sciences, enhancing our ability to use models and handle data. This very short introduction presents a compact yet comprehensive view of the field of applied mathematics, science, and explores its relationships with pure mathematics, and engineering.

Using historical examples, and challenges, current applications, Goriely illustrates the particular role that mathematics plays in the modern sciences today and its far-reaching potential.





Complexity: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

Oxford University Press - Oxford University Press. From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years. In this very short introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity.

Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, new ideas, perspective, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. Oxford University Press. Oxford university Press USA. Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford university Press, USA. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Complexity: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions - From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' -- with an account of the approaches, he combines simple, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, well-known examples -- Adam Smith's pin factory, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory.

Oxford university Press USA. The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century".





Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Oxford University Press - Oxford University Press. Oxford university Press, USA. Quantum theory is the most revolutionary discovery in physics since Newton. It does not disguise the problems of interpretation that still remain unsettled 75 years after the initial discoveries. Oxford university Press, USA. The main text makes no use of equations, but there is a Mathematical Appendix for those desiring stronger fare.

Oxford university Press USA. This book gives a lucid, exciting, and accessible account of the surprising and counterintuitive ideas that shape our understanding of the sub-atomic world. Oxford university Press USA. Oxford university Press, USA. Oxford University Press. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.

Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction - Oxford university Press USA. This volume offers the reader access to one of the greatest discoveries in the history of physics and one of the outstanding intellectual achievements of the twentieth century. About the series: combining authority with wit, and style, accessibility, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics.

Uncertainty, probabilistic physics, the problematic character of measurement, complementarity, and decoherence are among the many topics discussed.